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The word "tweed" comes from the river of the same name, flowing south from Edinburgh. But like most tweeds come from areas located much further north, one can think that this is actually a corruption of the word "twill." There are different kinds of tweed: in fact there is a tweed drawing by northern region of Scotland (Shepherds, Brora, Breanish ...) or Ireland (Donegal) but remains the most famous Harris tweed.


Tweed first was the usual dress of the inhabitants of the Scottish northern counties. In 1840, Lady Dunmore, wife of Laird (Lord) Harris, decided to spread the use of the Harris Tweed among his friends to boost the local economy of Harris. But it was not until 1917 that the tweed knew its heyday: Lord Leverhulme, the founder and boss of Unilever, tried to modernize the tweed industry, still very artisanal, introducing a new type of loom, more fast, creating new grounds with new colors and creating tweed weaving factories, instead of weaving the traditional house. weaving factories did not experience success, but the tweed industry had developed considerably ...


Harris Tweed is an institution in Britain. Harris Tweed Act of 1933 states that vital "integrity, uniqueness and the international reputation of the Harris Tweed is maintained. "An institute, the Harris Tweed Authority, is responsible for ensuring consistent quality. The Act stipulates that the Harris Tweed must be made 100% "virgin wool dyed and spun in the Hebrides Islands, and woven by hand, at home, by the inhabitants of islands Lewis, Harris, Uist and Barra. "

Tweed is a fabric made to last. It is a coarse, irregular fabric, wool, soft texture, flexible like a hand spun fabric. It is made of woven wool, weave, sometimes rafters. The discrete color effects are obtained by a wire of a plurality of twisted strands (2 or 3) of different colored wool.

Gaelic tweed says An Clo Mor, which means "fat clothes", in reference to the thickness and the weight of the fabric. A good tweed clothing is clothing that has been worn much. The tweed is luster with age. It sometimes becomes slick in some cases, much like a vintage cigar.

Tweed is dyed in a quite recognizable range of colors. The traditional colors are vegetable: the orange comes from ragweed or worry; green, heather or the nettle; red, lichen or cleavers; yellow, fern root; purple, elderberries; blue, iris.

Tweeds are sought for outerwear everyday because they are relatively impermeable and very resistant. Tweeds are traditionally worn for outdoor activities such as hunting, fishing and walking in Scotland, Ireland and the United Kingdom. But the tweed is increasingly used in contemporary fashion (men and women jackets curved or straight cuts).

Clothing quality tweed lies the percentage of wool and nylon in their realization (do not go below 80% wool to avoid surprises of quality). Finishing the interior also plays a lot, lining hunting jackets, shooting jackets, knikkers must be of good quality to ensure a good thermal insulation.

Contenu soumis à la licence CC-BY-SA 3.0. Source : Article Tweed (tissu) de Wikipédia en français (auteurs)

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